Collage of historical harbour with the abundant architecture and spa resort
with a fantastic beach.
Gdansk - the maritime and amber capital of Poland, also known as the town of Lech Walesa whose solidarity movement overthrew communism. The town has the thousand years history and used to be a jewel of the Hanseatic League. Conveniently situated at the mouth of River Wisla, on the main trade route, in the 14th and 15th centuries, the town of Gdansk grew to be one of the biggest and richest Baltic ports. The Old City with its big buildings and burgher houses built in the style of the North European Renaissance by master-builders from Flanders and the Netherlands are decorated with characteristic ante thresholds. The streets do not converge in the market place, but run down towards the River Motlawa and the old Gdansk harbour together with Dlugi Targ (Long Market) which plays the role of the city's main market.
The Old Town of Gdansk is lined up with richly ornamented old merchant houses including the Gothic town hall housing the Historical Museum of Gdansk and the Artus Court -the heart of cultural and commercial life in the old Gdansk. The symbol of Gdansk is The Neptune Fountain. The Crane on the Motlawa river was the biggest port crane in the medieval Europe. The Gothic St. Mary`s Church is the largest old brick church in Europe. Worth seeing is also a memorial to the shipyard workers killed in the 1970’ riots, a symbol of the fight for freedom. Nearby, in the Gdansk Shipyard area, the workers' protest movement Solidarity started. With their fight, the Tri-City workers triggered the social and political changes which brought about freedom and democracy to Poland and Central Europe. In 2014, the European Solidarity Centre was opened - a state-of-the-art cultural institution that honours our greatest civic success - the victorious Solidarity movement. It is a museum that commemorates the revolution of Solidarity and the fall of communism in Europe. Another interesting sight in Gdansk is the Shakespeare Theatre built on the site where, in the 17th century, there was the only Elizabethan type theatre building outside of the British Islands.
Recommended tours from Gdansk:
Sopot - the most famous spa and seaside resort known for fantastic Art Nouveau eclectic villas from the 19th and 20th century. The Northern Baths are a good example of old spa buildings. One of the Sopot`s attractions is the longest wooden pier [512 m]. Sopot hosts a number of various events including sailing races, tennis tournaments, horse races and a worldwide famous International Song Festival organised in the greenery of the Forest Opera. Nearby, you can visit Oliwa Cathedral - worth recommending for its 18th century organ.
Gdynia - the most modern harbour in Poland. The attractions of the city are two museum ships - the frigate Dar Pomorza and the destroyer Blyskawica.